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    Resorts of the Big Yalta

    ะ‡ั‹=ั€, Massandra, Nikita;
    Gurzuf, Ah-danil;
    Livadija, an Oreanda, Gaspra, Koreiz, Mishor, Alupka, Simeiz, the Blue gulf, Katsiveli, Ponizovka; Foros and the West of the Big Yalta; Ah-Petrinsky jajla

    From the middle of 19 centuries rest here has all lines of aristocratism and an indicator of vital success though separate resort settlements bear on themselves and certain shades student's volnitsy or the academic simplicity of customs. Especially soft curative climate allows to treat all year long diseases of lungs, and privacy of many settlements and their fantastic beauty in itself rescue from stresses. However, Yalta with its rough night life always nearby.

    Transport and bases of placing. the Big Yalta - a special administrative unit of Autonomous republic Crimea. It was stretched along Black sea on 70 km from Bear-mountain in the east (from settlements Gurzuf and Krasnokamenka) to settlement Foros at cape the Buzzard in the west. Resorts surround Association farmlands "ยฆั€ั‘ั‘ั€ัั„ะั€" and woods of the Yalta reserve.

    To the east from Yalta there passes a trolleybus line on Alushtu and Simferopol so the transport and human stream is very great. To resort settlements Massandra, Nikita, Gurzuf, Ah-danil go also special minibuses and buses. On the West from Yalta almost everywhere there are three lines of highway โ€“ bottom, average and top (a line to Sevastopol). Health resorts settle down on all three lines.

    In total here hundreds health resorts and tens from them corresponds to the most exacting requirements and level **** or *****. Complexes "ะ‡ั‹=ั€" are Most known; "+ะั…ั€ัั„ั€" "-ั…ั‚ั€ั=" "ยคะัˆัะั…ั†ัโ„–ั‰" "-ะั…ัŒั…ัั€ ัƒัŽั„ั€" "+ั‰-ยคั…=ะัˆ" "+ั‰--ั€ััˆั‹ั–". However, for treatment it is necessary to choose a health resort on a resort profile and a doctor's advice. Mishor, Alupka and Simeiz are good for treatment of children. Nikita, Gurzuf and Katsiveli have remarkable conditions for kongressnogo tourism. A powerful complex "ะ‡ั‹=ั€" spends the big international fairs and show. Well and elite palace complexes to the West from Yalta โ€“ traditional base of large interstate forums, since 1944 defining world politics.

    The Only thing of that is few in the Big Yalta โ€“ cheap tent small towns and autocampings. But in all settlements there are protected parking places, and private motels render also car-care centre services.

    Beaches and a naturism. Between settlements of the Big Yalta excellent transport communication so having a rest in one place, it is possible to visit and beaches in the neighbourhood. The swimming season for adults begins on the average on May, 17th and lasts till October, 23rd, that is the temperature above 17 degrees keeps longest in Crimea. In general the autumn this best that happens in Yalta (perhaps, the best in the world). Of 160 days of a swimming season on the average 46 drop out because of strong excitement (very picturesque) and 13 more because of "ยงัŽั‹ัŽั„ัโ„–ยง =ั…ั‘ั…ััˆั‰" ("ััˆั‡ัŽั‚ัŠัˆ") - sharp decrease in a water temperature which happens usually in June. The season with a water temperature above 20 degrees proceeds in Yalta from June, 22nd till October, 4th, because of storm and sgonov 40 days drop out of it approximately.

    The Western part of this coast from Forosa to cape Ah-todor (with the Swallow's nest) is remarkable picturesque rocks and stone haosami, small bays with transparent and pure water, an abrupt bias of a bottom and gravijno-galechnymi beaches, sometimes even with large enough blocks of strong volcanic breeds or mramorizovannogo limestone. Vzmutit such "ัั…ั‘ัŽั‘ั…ัŠ" can it is far not each storm, therefore water always the transparent. Especially it natural beaches Simeiza are good.

    In Alupke is very interesting a beach nicknamed in the people "ะ ัŠัŽั‚ัŽะัŽั„ัŽั‘ัŠั€". The rocks surrounding a small bay, especially in the mornings, create effect of double sunburn, reflecting solar beams.

    The Successful example of an artificial beach can be found in Mishore . Among it, and also in the sea and on concrete walls of quay separate blocks picturesquely rise. Most remarkable of them is called a rock the Bagel . In a hole from this bagel it is possible to walk the small company.

    For Ah-todorom coastal line not so such levelled and steep: silent bays alternate with mighty capes. Yalta, Gurzuf are located in the big semicircular bays bordered with mountain amphitheatres.

    The Special role in ecological equilibrium maintenance Southern coast play calcareous rocks - them name jajlinskie ottorzhentsy because once they have come off a southern edge of Jajly. In addition mountain the Cat, rocks of the Miracle and the Wing of the Swan, Adalary, the Frog, Sultanka and the Chekhovian rock are esteemed by fans of continuous sunburn. Unusually pure water and protected from a wind and immodest eyes of a bay on "ััŽั‘ั•" Bears-mountains and other South careful capes serve as the award to all who can reach there. But it is not necessary to forget that at the slightest storm these places become mortally dangerous.

    At the majority of South careful settlements naturisty (nudists) settle down outside of artificial beaches, among stone haosov rocky capes, for example, in Nikita - on cape Martjan. But to the West from Yalta there are extensive artificial beaches over which health resorts, for example, in settlement by Katsiveli are not constructed yet. There these beaches serve for bathing and sunburn stark naked.

    At mountain bottom the Cat in Simeize also is considered the Beach nudist, and for sexual minorities.

    Excursions and productive leisure. it is unconditional, the most popular object it Quay of Yalta . It is not declared by an architecture monument, and in programs of excursions appears as "ั‘ั‚ัŽััŽั„ััŽั… ั‚ะั…ัŒย ". But motley crowd of people happy with a life, you see, are worthy to take a look at them. And itself to feel in a worthy environment. In architecture the most improbable styles are weaved. Now the Quay has put on in a magnificent red granite and gets rid of all cheap.

    the Monument to Lenin among palm trees - the most popular place of meetings of youth. The warm and perfectly polished granite draws any ekstremalov and nonconformists.

    From Quay on the Polykurovsky hill the remarkable kind, first of all thanks to light of a gold dome belltowers of a cathedral of John Zlatousta opens.

    From the Quay middle (at moorings for steam-ships of local lines) the rope-way conducts on a hill of Darsan. A kind on a city simply fantastic. To the east of a hill of Darsan on the Hill of Glory the Memorial in honour of the heroes who have fallen in days of civil and the Great Patriotic War of wars, is opened in 1967ะณะพะดัƒ.

    Nearby to the bottom station of a rope-way there is a building hotels "ะšั€ั‚ะัˆั„ั€" (were "ั€ัŽั‘ั‘ัˆย "), Quay, 13. It is constructed in the end of 1875 and there was long time of the biggest and comfortable in Yalta, is now reconstructed.

    Over the sea as if achievement of modern engineers and architects restaurant "ะ“ัŽั‹ัŽ=ัŽั… ะั•ััŽ" soars. Opposite to it with a huge spherical crone it is allocated a plane tree of Ajsedory to which not less than 500 years - the well-known American ballerina under this majestic tree appointed meetings to poet Sergey Yesenin.

    In a city garden above Quay is theatre of A.P.Chehova . In April, 1900 the Moscow Art theatre has given on this place (the building was another) eight performances, including Chekhovian "ะžั€ั‰ัŠั•" and "-ย ั„ยฆ -ั€ัยฆ". Chekhov's House museum is in the top part of a city (32-50-42).

    The Quay is crossed by the bridge through small river Wuchang-sou. Below it restaurant in a schooner "ยฆั‘ัั€ัั–ัŽั‹ั€" (acted in film in tens films), and above - a showroom of the Union of the artists, constructed directly on the bridge.

    Upwards on the river there is one of brisk foot streets of Yalta - Pushkin on which the interesting is located a lot of. Catholic the church at small river Wuchang-sou is constructed in 1914 under the project of architects Komornitsky and Krasnov.

    Are not less interesting the Armenian church (1909-1014, the architect G.Ter-Mikelov under sketches of known artist Vardgesa Surenjantsa) on an abrupt slope of a hill of Darsan and some very elegant orthodox temples, especially St. Alexander Nevskogo's church . On its southern facade the mosaic executed by Salviati, decorated also many buildings in Europe, for example, Parliament in London is remarkable.

    In Seaside park of J.Gagarin, are a monument And. To P.Chekhov, established in 1953, and a monument And. M.Gorkomu , Maxim Gorky opened in 1956 is represented such what it, 23th years, for the first time has visited in Crimea during the travel on the south of Russia.

    Were the palace of the emir Bukhara in Yalta (above Seaside park, to the West from Quay) is erected in 1907-1911 by architect Tarasovym in Mauritian style.

    the Yalta reserve is created for protection of the unique mountain woods giving to Southern coast curative air. In 7 kilometres above Yalta, to the left from road the track to the falls basis Wuchang-sou (Flying water), the highest in Crimea - about 100 metres leaves.

    Special appeal possesses " the Glade of fairy tales " (39-64-02, a sculpture and floristics museum). Here it is located quickly extending a zoo "ะ ัŠั€ั‡ัŠั€". Is under construction nearby and the big small town of attractions for children and adults.

    On opposite, east entrance to Yalta, in Top Massandre is a palace of emperor Alexander III . In the imperial palace which has become by a state summer residence, heads of party and the government of the former socialist camp stopped on rest. Now it is popular object of excursions.

    Vinodelchesky cellars " Massandra " and wine growing and winemaking Institute "ยฆั€ัƒั€ะั€ั‘" world famous.

    the Nikitsky botanical garden , is based in 1812, best of the South careful parks connecting the nature, history, art and a science. In its collection more than 28 thousand plants from every corner of the world. There is also a corner of the untouched nature - reserve Cape Martjan.

    In Nikita, except the Garden, it is necessary to examine and the Nikitsky crevice above highway. Romantic gorge among reddish breakages of limestone and irrepressible greens - the natural scenery which has served in many adventure and fantastic films.

    From the Nikitsky garden over reserve the Cape Martjan since ancient times lies a remarkable track on which it is possible to pass in with. Danilovka (were Ah-danil). Wine vaults of count Vorontsova where there was its first attempt of industrial winemaking and even champagne manufacture, and also manor of the founder of the Nikitsky botanical garden of H.Stevena Here have remained.

    Kurotnoe development in Gurzuf has begun before all in Crimea. In 1808-11 djuk A.E. dju Plessi de Rishele () has constructed of a sort of the well-known cardinal here a spacious country house and has broken round it exotic park. In 1820 the house was removed by the general N. Raevsky with a family. Alexander Pushkin Here stayed and now in the house the small museum of the poet settles down.

    But in general the history of Gurzuf is known since VI century when the Byzantian emperor Justinian I has ordered to erect here a fortress Gorzuvity. It has been destroyed in due course by nomads, and then renewed by genoeses. Ruins of their constructions H I - XV centuries and an impressive tunnel in a rock, punched for supervision overseas in the Middle Ages are in territory Arteka - the International children's centre based in 1925. Before revolution here there were some aristocratic country houses in an environment of evergreen parks. They carefully remain, replenishing with modern sleeping cases and sports constructions. In the Suuk-sou palace is interesting a museum of history of children's centre Artek and its predecessors, and also a museum of astronautics of Jury Gagarin , in which set of the original things presented by cosmonauts.

    The Most rock far acting in the sea is named by a name Shalyapin . On this rock he dreamt to construct a palace for study of talented youth.

    In the top part of cape of the Suuk-sou the grey tower combined like a medieval fortress is visible, nearby on a platform the small monument to Pushkin is established. In the basis of this rock is well-known the Pushkin grotto .

    Artek - a favourite place of work of cinematographers. Here adventure films are constantly shot, the international children's film festivals are spent. Yacht-club Arteka - a place of mooring of seafarers of all countries.

    Cases sanatorium "+ั•ะั‡ั•ยถั‘ัŠัˆั‰" - a remarkable heritage of the Russian businessman P.I.Gubonina . In 1882-89, soon after railway Lozovaja-Sevastopol building, on which Guboninu it was possible to earn the big money, it has enclosed them in building of 8 hotel cases, a kursaal, church and restaurant - surprising till now the beauty and engineering decisions. The sanatorium park is interesting not only exotic plants, but also fountains among which it is allocated a fountain "-ัŽั‘ั–" - a copy of a sculpture of German professor Berger. Gubonin has got it at the Viennese exhibition in 1898.

    Between the centre of Gurzuf and the sea there is a former summer residence-workshop of the outstanding Russian artist Konstantin Korovin. Now the House of creativity of artists accepts all interested persons.

    The Powerful silhouette Aju-Daga (the Bear-mountain, height 577 from outside Gurzuf romantically accompany islets Adalary and freakish coastal rocks among which the summer residence the writer Anton Chekhov is hidden small .

    the Cornel-tash (the Red stone) at settlement Krasnokamenka over Gurzuf attracts attention of everything passing on juzhnobrezhnomu highway. Only at bottom the Cornel-tasha grows grapes from which make the best in the world a dessert drink - a muscat white the Red stone .

    At once on the West from a city of Yalta almost continuous magnificent suite palaces and locks Livadii and an Oreanda which luxury adequately competes with imagination and taste of their founders follow.

    In 1834 the territory of Livadii was bought by count Pototsky for whom have built the house and have broken park. In 1860 Livadiju has got specific department for an imperial family. By then Romanovs already owned a manor "+ะั…ั€ัั„ั€" with a palace and park. Both manors were connected by the Imperial (Horizontal) track proceeding then to Gaspry.

    Big the Livadijsky White palace - the former summer residence of emperor Nikolay II, is erected in 1910-1911 on a place of the disassembled old palace under the project of academician N. P.Krasnov (1865-1939) in style of the Italian Renaissance. The palace ensemble includes also svitsky the case, a palace of the minister of a court yard of baron Frederiksa, palace church for the sake of Vozdvizhenija of the Fair Cross (it is constructed in 1872), and the Italian court yard.

    On February, 4-11th, 1945, three months prior to a victory over Hitlerite Germany, in the Big (White) hall of a palace there passed the Crimean (Yalta) conference heads of the governments of the USSR, the USA and Great Britain on which have been accepted "-ั…ัŠั‹ั€ะั€ั‡ัˆย  about released โ€กั‚ะัŽัั…" the decision on creation of the United Nations and other documents. In a conference operating time in a palace there was a president residence the United States of America F.Roosevelt .

    The Manor "+ั‰-ะšัŽั„ัŽะ" in Gaspre belonged to grand duke Alexander Mihajlovichu Romanov, and under its instructions the device of the Horizontal track has begun. And creation of the Russian aircraft was the main business of his life.

    Till 1860 the track passed only over an Oreanda, and then there was a necessity to connect an imperial manor in Livadii with a grand-ducal manor "+ั‰-ะšัŽั„ัŽะ". A track began to name Imperial. In sovetstkie times have renamed in Solar that in any way does not correspond to its shady magnificent greens.

    The Track results in the park surrounding the cases of sanatorium of the Rose Luxembourg (old constructions were included into a grand-ducal manor "+ั‰-ะšัŽั„ัŽะ") and "ะ‡ั‘ัั€ย  ััŽั‹ย ัั€" the former manor of prince A. N.Golitsyn, then countess S.Paninoj. Last name is connected with stay here in 1901 Lev Tolstoi .

    One more popular route of mountain walks - the Kurchatovsky track - bears I.V.Kurchatova's (1903-1960) name which was not only the well-known physicist, but also the tourist; its favourite route from oreandovskogo park conducts on mountain top Ah-nikola.

    The Sanatorium "-ัˆั†ัย ย  +ะั…ั€ัั„ั€", constructed in 1948 on a place of ruins of an old grand-ducal palace under the project of the visible Soviet architect of professor M.J.Ginzburg, was the main vacation spot of the Political bureau of the Central Committee of the CPSU.

    Something the is extremely original-roundish on three feet - international boarding house "-ั•ะัั€=โ„–" (architect I.Vasilevsky) is constructed in 1985

    In 12 km on the West from Yalta in a single whole Gaspra, Koreiz and Mishor for a long time have already merged. And, formally there are only two poselkovyh council - Gasprinsky and Koreizsky, and the name of Mishor is the most popular for some reason. Mishor - the warmest place in Crimea, with the softest winter, therefore parks local are especially magnificent. In their greens country houses and the palaces reminding feudal castles of the Middle Ages are fancifully scattered. Princes of Golitsyny, Naryshkiny, Meshchersky invited for their building of the European architects.

    Over all coast, certainly, the romantic lock "-ั€ั‘=ัŽั‘ัŠัˆััŽ +ัั…ั‡ั„ัŽ" dominates; on Avrorinoj to a cape rock Ah-todor. It is constructed in 1912 under the project of architect A.V.Shervuda for V.Shtejngelja's baron, the Baku petroindustrialist. In 1927 during earthquake the rock part, and here a building has fallen has resisted, the truth, many long years it was considered emergency and has been closed. It is restored in 1971 the rocky islet the Sail , put forward in the sea to the West from cape, and over an islet on a high rock โ€“ a stone eagle, it already sanatorium territory "ยคั€ะั•ั‘".

    Is picturesque

    At cape top Ah-todor there is a beacon. From it the sanatorium territory "-ัั…ัะ" begins; the former manor of Haraks created in 1904 for the uncle of emperor n George Mihajlovicha Romanov, the founder of Russian museum in St.-Petersburg.

    The name to a manor was given by the Roman fortress protecting distant approaches to Kherson (on a place of Sevastopol) in I-III centuries. Except excellent kinds and remarkable powerful trees the Haraksky park is interesting by an arbour in style of a court yard of an ancient Roman country house. It has been constructed for the wife of the prince, the Greek princess Maria Georgievny.

    The Palace " Kichkine " ("ยฆั€ั‹ยฆ=ัŠั€" with krymskotatarskogo) it is erected in 1908-1911 on cape Ah-todor in Gaspre. It compare to Russian kupchinoj, the Turk who has dressed up for an entertainment.

    "- park Chair are dismissed ะัŽั‡โ„–..." is about a local summer residence "ะžั€ัˆะ" constructed by one of Romanovs.

    The Palace "-ยฆั‹ั–ัั…ะ" (fine), it is constructed in Koreize for grand duke Peter Nikolaevicha in 1895-1897 under N.P.Krasnov's project. More than hundred premises with silvery domes, carved stone inserts and mosaic compositions on walls remind of the Arabian Egypt XV centuries.

    The largest manor - a manor of princess A.S.Golitsynoj . Later the manor was a part of the big manor princes of Jusupovyh . In 1904 the Koreizsky (Jusupovsky) palace in a modernist style under the project of Yalta architect Eshlimana here has been constructed. In February, 1945, during the Yalta conference of heads of three great powers in it the Soviet delegation led by I.V.Stalin took places.

    On mishorskom a beach, one of the purest in Crimea, many generations having a rest admire sculptures. It is bronze " the Mermaid " rising from the sea with the child on hands, and on quay a fountain "-ั…ั‚ั•ยฐัŠั€ Arzy and the robber +ั‹ัˆ-ัั€ัั€".

    On a legend beauty Arzy has been stolen by the robber the Ali-woman, sold in a harem of the Turkish sultan, but has returned to native places the mermaid...

    The Remarkable construction of last years is the rope-way on Ah-petri, become operational in 1987. Its length - 3 km, lifting time - 20 minutes. Mountain Ah-petri (Sacred Peter, grech.) - height of 1234 metres far not the greatest, but the mountain silhouette finishes the most beautiful line of an amphitheatre from cape Ah-todor with the Swallow's nest to the well-known white teeth. a teeth Ah-petri forms four large (height 12-15 and a number of small steep peaks. Near the Teeth grows reserved the Beechen grove , the biggest on Crimean jajle a site old bukovo-grabovogo woods. At most brovki jajly were sheltered loholistnaja a pear and ั‘ัŽั‘ัั€-"ะ ั€ัŒัŽั‹ั…=" by age about 300 years.

    The Main ridge of Crimean mountains is divided by valleys into a number of the separate files, which surface almost flat, is weak vsholmlennaja more precisely. Strong winds do not allow to grow normally to trees, but a moisture and sun abundance are favorable for mountain meadows. This special landscape name jajla , from krymsko-Tatar a word jaj - summer. JAjla - a summer pasture. Here remarkable conditions for all kinds of active and extreme tourism, driving on horses, a mountain bicycle, jeeps, flights on a paraplane.

    the Ah-Petrinsky meridian - the globe on the granite basis with the exact geodetic data, a specific platform on to a rock of Shishko , a meteorological station, mountain Bedene-Kyr , a cave the Three-eye , equipped for excursions.

    On a slope of mountains at the highway conducting from Yalta on Ah-petri, it is possible to see "ัั–ย ัั•ยฆ" a pine grove - century wood from a pine Crimean, broken by a landslip.

    Under protection of steep slopes jajly the city Alupka (it nevertheless more largely other resorts of the Big Yalta though and nenamnogo differs from them) settles down, is located in 17 km on the West from Yalta. Along the sea it was stretched on 4 km. In 20th years of XIX century in Alupke there was a large landowner economy column M.S.Vorontsova . Projected a palace the English architect Edward Blor , the court architect of king Wilhelm IV and queens Victoria. And over park breakdown the German gardener Charles Kebah supervised.

    The Alupkinsky park is extraordinary rich with exotic kinds of plants and valuable local breeds (about 200 kinds), it is a monument of landscape gardening art of national value. Fountains, cascades, the ponds one of which is called as Swan lake are especially remarkable. It wonderfully shades all and freshens majestic blocks of diabase, strong magmatic breed from which the palace is built also.

    The Input in park free, and here to well-known vorontsovskim to lions it is possible to get through a special paid input on the Southern terrace. To the Southern facade of a palace the monumental ladder with three steams of lions from white marble of work of Italian sculptor Bonnani conducts from park from outside the seas.

    In a palace about 150 rooms. The lobby, a lobby, a dining room and a billiard room are finished morenym by an oak. And in a winter garden against magnificent greens the collection of antique statues flaunts. In February, 1945 the palace was occupied with English delegation at the Yalta conference.

    The Small town Alupka is located above a palace. In the beginning of XX century in the western part of a city princes Trubetsky , having broken the manor into hundred separate sites and having cleared the way to the Sevastopol highway, with the big benefit have sold them under country houses and summer residences.

    the Winery "+ั‹ั•ััŠั€" is based in 50th years of a XIX-th century, in 1982 at it the tasting room has opened.

    Simeiz and neighbouring settlements are densely surrounded by freakish mountains and the rocks which have defined especially dry and warm climate. Near to mountain the Cat others are scattered original under the form calcareous rocks: the Star who have stepped in the sea, fragments of the Monk destroyed by a storm, Panea, the Swan wing. Archeologists have found out on a grief numerous burial places of Tauris in so-called stone boxes, and also certificates of stay and other people, for example, is ready.

    Small overcast, dryness and air transparency has involved in Simeiz astronomers, and then and researchers space . They have located in settlement Katsiveli . The first in Crimea the Aquapark in the Blue gulf, - the most popular object of seasons 2002 and 2003.

    In 1980, it is not known why - because of affinity of the Blue gulf or because of avenue with statues of naked men, in Simeiz the company of the Moscow gays has gone. Since then to minority in Simeize have got used, and they gather (including set of lesbians) from all Post-Soviet republics.

    C 1828 the rich man-industrialist I.A.Maltsov bought the lands for rest and an economy. His son has increased the family capital, letting out in Russia the first steam locomotives and steamships, and also crystal. He buys Pototsky and Naryshkin's manors, and also other earths and there is the owner of all Simeiza. In 1828 the wine vault which has remained up to now has been constructed. Already grandsons of Maltsova have achieved a recognition of Simeiza a fashionable resort. Having presented in 1908 the telescope on a grief the Cat to astronomers of the Pulkovsky observatory, Maltsovy on a being, became the first who has opened the Crimean way to space.

    Now the greatest attention of youth is involved with a country house "-ั‘ั…ััˆย " constructed in 1911 known Yalta architect N.P.Krasnov in Gothic style. It is considered that ghosts live in it.

    Katsiveli on the West from mountain the Cat is In settlement department of radio astronomy of the Crimean astrophysical observatory. One of system links "ะ‚ั=ั…ะัŠัŽั‘ัŒัŽั‘" - experimental laser station of supervision of artificial companions of the Earth. Below its white domes the parabolic aerial in diameter of 22 m, with which help in October 1959ะณ is visible. For the first time in history mankind the image of an underside of the Moon, transferred by the Soviet automatic interplanetary station "-ั•ัั€-3".

    was accepted

    The Small resort settlement Ponizovka (before revolution - a manor of Kikeneiz) is to the West from Simeiza and settlement Katsiveli.

    With 1886 till 1917 in Kikeneize of veins the known artist A.I.Kuindzhi . Its picture "-ั•ััั€ย  on -ัั…ัะั…" is Most popular night; and here the Crimean landscape is easy for guessing in a picture "ะ‚ัˆั‘ั•ั‘ in Gefsimansky ั‘ั€ั„ั•" exposed in the Alupkinsky museum.

    The Next summer residence belonged to A.K.Alchevsky - to the largest gornopromyshlenniku and to the banker of pre-revolutionary Donbass. The part of its earths then was bought by the Moscow merchants brothers of Ponizovkiny, and in 1920 the private residence with a tower and ostroverhoj a roof was ready, but owners had to throw it. So "ั‡ั€ัŒัŽัŠ" began to name a summer residence Berii .

    Mountain Piljaki - a landscape monument ancient vulkanizma with freakish forms of aeration, remarkable vegetation and archaeological monuments of the new-Stone Age.

    Resort settlements in area the nature are created by Forosa for lonely rest of the high-ranking persons. Unapproachable rocks, strict tone of the evergreen parks almost hiding ancient palaces and ultramodern state summer residences, unusually pure deserted beaches... And aerials, "=ั€ะั…ั‹ัŠัˆ" locators, spets-posts.

    These places have become history thanking "ัŽัทั…ัŠ=ั• ะ“ั€ะย " where it was kept during August putsch of 1991 the former president of the USSR M.S.Gorbachev.

    The Modern press in the attention centre (anyway, in the summer) holds absolutely other object - president residence of Ukraine Leonid Kuchma in Muhalatke which have become by summer political capital not only Ukraine, but also all poslesovetskogo spaces.

    These places and at bicyclists Are popular. Here the Russian national team (and before Soviet Union) on races on highway, and now also on a mountain bicycle long since trains.

    In Park something has remained from manor Jacob Zhukovskogo, the relative of well-known artist Vrubel. In 1905-1912 it has put unusual landscape park over which ornament the set of artists and the sculptors entering into vanguard group "+ัŽั‹ั•ัั€ย  ั€ัŽั‡ั€" worked;. The sculptor has decorated A.T.Matveev its romantic "ะั•ัˆัั€ัŒัˆ" bridges, fountains and numerous sculptures of girls, young men and boys, from them has now remained about ten.

    Skala Ifigenija - result ancient vulkanizma. But it is more than emotions causes at thought on human sacrifices for the sake of the Maiden, the goddess of Tauris. Classical tragedy "ะ‚ยถัˆัƒั…ััˆย  in ะšั€ั‚ะัˆั„ั…" for three thousand years it is put, possibly, at all theatres of the world.

    The Pass the Shaitan-merdven (the Devil's ladder) was used at all times for transition with Juzhnoberezhja in foothills of Crimea and back. 40 abrupt turns are concluded in stone tesninu throughout kilometre.

    the Kalendsky track conducts from with. podgornoe (former Kalenda) that at Bajdarsky gate, to Yalta also incorporates to the well-known Devil's ladder.

    The Palace and park "ยฆั…ั‹ั€ั‘" are constructed in 30th of XIX century by L.A.Perovsky - the participant of a Patriotic War of 1812. In the middle of the last century here veins the Russian poet A.K.Tolstoy. Near to the sea there is a source of mineral water of type of Essentuki โ„– 20.

    If from Forosa to go to Yalta at Melasa attracts attention a narrow rocky ridge Ah-juri (St. George), reminding more likely that dragon. In its stone sides it is cut dvuhsotmetrovyj a tunnel. On east exit from it to the right of road three sharp rocks Mshatka-kajasy steeply rise. They world famous also are very popular among climbers.

    The Manor Mshatka in the XIX-th century beginning belonging knjazhne Italijsky, a decanter Barbarian Arkadevne Suvorovoj-Rymnikskoj, the grand daughter of the great commander.

    After nearby the naturalist and the philosopher has lodged in natural boundary Abil-bah N.JA Danilevsky , left after itself not only an appeal to slavic unity, but also remarkable park. Annually here pass N.Danilevskogo's international readings.

    Muhalatka has found popularity thanks to memoirs of the daughter of Stalin Svetlana Aliluevoj. During stagnant times of Muhalatka became Alla Pugachevoj and Phillip Kirkorov's favourite vacation spot. Had here a summer residence and writer Julian Semenov, and on architecture she precisely repeated Stirlitz's house from a cult film "17 instants ั‚ั…ั‘ัโ„–" (by the way, the story is written on a hotel beach "ะ‡ั‹=ั€").

    the Forossky park still was accessible recently only to the higher partnomenklature. In it it is especially popular "ั€ั€ั‰ั‘ัŠัˆั‰ ั•ัƒัŽั‹ัŽัŠ" with six tiny lakes in the uniform cascade with tiny falls.

    the Beacon on cape the Buzzard , the most southern point of all European part of the CIS. From cape the Buzzard 44ยฐ23 ' s.sh. To cape Kerempe at Anatolijsky coast of Turkey - the bottleneck of Black sea - 142 miles.

    From everywhere visible - from below from the sea and from above with Jajly, on a lonely steep rock flaunts graceful church of Revival Christ's . In 1892 the architect academician N.M.Chagin by request of tea magnate Kuznetsova has erected it in memory of rescue of emperor Alexander III and his families at train wreck in 1888

    Tastings and souvenirs. it is unconditional, these are well-known fault "ยฆั€ั‘ั‘ั€ัั„ะโ„–" many of which in the names underline their uniqueness: Livadija, Ah-danil, Aju-dag, Gurzuf, the Red stone. In the markets of souvenirs of Yalta the frivolous ceramics pays to itself of attention enough . Really, Yalta โ€“ the queen of resort flirtation. Thanks to classics, Chekhov first of all, to a romantic landscape and set of aristocratic amorous stories, local intimacies are deprived a hint on platitude, but also do not demand any validity and eternity guarantees.

    Naturally, every possible massage and aromatic sensual balms use the Big and fair popularity essence and.

    It is so natural and povsemestna trade in picturesque landscapes. However, in the Yalta it is interesting also vanguard art . The Commonplace โ€“ antiques high historical and art value, as things from imperial and aristocratic palaces still "ั‚ั‘ัั‹โ„–ั‚ั€ยฆ=" gradually after the times of troubles of civil war.

    Igor Rusanov



    In addition on the given theme:

    Kerch peninsula
    Feodosiya and East Foothills
    Sudaksky area
    Big Alushta
    ะœัƒัŽ-ั‡ั€ัั€ั„
    the Western coast
    ะ ั…ั‚ั…ะัŽ-ั‡ั€ัั€ั„
    ะั…ั=ะ
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